Bladder Rupture

What is Bladder rupture?

Bladder rupture is a condition in which the urinary bladder wall tears and releases urine into the abdominal cavity. The condition can occur due to trauma, urinary obstruction, tumors or from catheterization.

Animals that experience rupture of the bladder can become very sick from substances in the urine that leak into the abdomen and gets absorbed into the blood stream instead of being excreted.

Bladder Rupture

What are the signs of Bladder rupture?

Signs of bladder rupture can include:

  • Depression
  • Lack of appetite
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal distension
  • Lack of urine production
  • Painful abdomen
  • Straining to urinate
Bladder Rupture

What testing is done to assess bladder rupture?

The first step is always a thorough physical examination. The veterinarian will assess vitals and palpate the abdomen. It is important to assess for signs of trauma.

Blood test, including a complete blood count and chemistry profile, will aid in diagnosis.

Imaging such as xrays (+/- contrast radiographs), ultrasonography may be suggested to get a visual assessment of the bladder and its integrity. Abdominocentesis (the passing of a needle through the abdominal wall) will help assess any fluid that may be within the abdomen.

How is it treated?

Abdominal exploratory surgery and repair of the bladder wall defects is the definitive course of treatment. Animals will receive intravenous fluids and close monitoring. Analgesia is important to help the pet's recovery process.
Bladder Rupture
Bladder Rupture

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